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23 famous landmarks – how many have you seen?

famous landmarks

From ancient ruins to opulent buildings, how many of these famous landmarks can you tick off your “must see” list?

Each one is steeped in interesting history and it goes without saying that where there’s history, there’s always a little mystery…

1. Angkor Wat

This Hindu turned Buddhist temple structure, originally created to worship Vishnu, can be found in Siem Reap, Cambodia and even features on the national flag.

The popular temple is not only a place of immense beauty and intricacies, it took more than six thousand elephants to help build it in the 12th Century.

famous landmarks angkor wat
Angkor Wat, Cambodia

2. Bagan Temples

Fondly known as the “sea of temples” with more than two thousand structures still remaining today, this is another must see architectural feat of the world.

One of the structures, Shwesandaw Pagoda, is even said to contain the hairs of the Buddha.

famous landmarks bagan temples
Bagan Temples, Myanmar

3. Big Ben

At nearly 100 metres tall, Big Ben (or Elizabeth Tower as the full structure is formally called) is actually the most accurate four faced clock in the world. A national source of pride and utterly iconic England, the clock is still hand wound three times a week.

famous landmarks big ben
Big Ben, United Kingdom

4. Christ the Redeemer

This eye catching statue, with an infamous art deco design, is as mysterious as it is comforting to locals and tourists alike.

In a “strike” of divinity, the statue is prone to lightning strikes and in 2014, the statue’s fingers were damaged from a bolt of lightning. Imagine seeing that?

famous landmarks in brazil
Christ the Redeemer, Brazil

5. The Colosseum

This impressive elliptical building, nearly 200 metres wide, was host to the infamous gladiator games in ancient times. During its heyday (during the Flavian dynasty), it had more than thirty six trap doors for enhancing spectator entertainment!

Today the Colosseum is one of Rome’s most popular tourist attractions, receiving millions of visitors annually.

famous landmarks in italy
The Colosseum, Italy

6. The Eiffel Tower

Possibly one of the most famous landmarks in the world, the Eiffel Tower is a true case of “what could have been.”

In fact, it’s incredible the Tower is still standing given it was only meant to be erect for twenty years before being dismantled. And it was originally destined to be built in Barcelona!

famous landmarks eiffel tower
The Eiffel Tower, France

7. Empire State Building

Another iconic building that receives millions of visitors each year, the Empire State Building harbours a mystery… a secret floor! The 103rd floor private observation deck is one floor up from the official ‘Top Floor’. Unfortunately, access is reserved for VIPs only.

famous landmarks to see
Empire State Building, USA

8. Golden Gate Bridge

Another feat of architecture, the Golden Gate Bridge was built under death defying conditions with eleven people losing their life due to construction.

It’s known for its gorgeous orange colour but the original plans suggested it be painted yellow and black to help with visibility.

famous landmarks golden gate bridge
Golden Gate Bridge, USA

9. Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque

This stunning building is the third largest mosque in the world. It’s comprised of materials from all over the world including marble, stone, gold, crystals and semi precious stones. Not to mention the handmade carpet in the main prayer room, which exceeds 5700 metres! Also the specifically designed lighting that represents the lunar phases.

Explore more architectural photography from around the world – no passport required!

famous landmarks of the world
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, UAE

10. Great Wall of China

A wall as long as half the equator absolutely must be on your bucket list. Construction of such a monumental structure all started from a rumour. Who knew?

Besides the landmark itself, the eye opening scenery and surrounds are well worth seeing too.

famous landmarks like great wall of china
Great Wall of China, China

11. Jefferson Memorial

This prominent and well recognised famous landmark is surrounded by iconic cherry blossoms in the spring. Above all, famous quotations from Thomas Jefferson are housed inside the monument.

famous landmarks in america
Jefferson Memorial, USA

12. Machu Picchu

A community of temples and sanctuaries, this very special place is one of the world’s greatest mysteries since it’s not really clear why it exists. Originally hidden from everyone but locals, this well preserved ruin survived the Spanish conquest and is known for its impressive architecture, including being earthquake resistant.

famous landmarks machu picchu
Machu Picchu, Peru

13. Mont-Saint-Michel

Like something out of a fairy tale, Mont-Saint-Michel is an intriguing island commune and monastery that is steeped in history and religious symbolism.

The church was constructed after a vision of Archangel Michael appeared and instructed it be built, according to infamous legend.

famous landmarks you must see
Mont-Saint-Michel, France

14. Neuschwanstein Castle

Speaking of fairy tales, you haven’t seen anything truly magical until you’ve seen this castle. It’s so enchanting that it was even featured in Chitty Chitty Bang Bang in 1968.

Despite the antiquated interior it actually featured cutting edge technology for the time, including ‘running water throughout, an electric bell system for servants, telephones, a hot air central heating system and a lift.’

Famous landmarks in Germany
Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany

15. Notre Dame

With a breathtaking interior, this famous gothic cathedral is home to the Crown of Thorns. And, intriguingly, was built right over the top of ancient temple remnants. If legend is to be believed.

famous landmarks notre dame
Notre Dame Cathedral, France

16. Leaning Tower of Pisa

Almost everyone has heard of this infamous tower. But did you know that thanks to the area’s soil, it’s not the only tower that leans in Pisa?

But don’t worry if you haven’t managed to see it yet – it’s expected to stand for at least another two centuries!

famous landmarks pisa
Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy

17. The Pyramids Of Giza

In contrast, these incredible constructions withstand astonishing temperatures and yet always remain architecturally sound and approximately 20 degrees Celsius inside.

With many unsolved mysteries, the pyramids are not just impressive on the outside. Most contain complex tunnel systems which add to their brilliance.

famous landmarks pyramids
The Pyramids of Giza, Egypt

18. Santa Maria del Fiore

Similarly, the infamous dome in this construction is a surprising feat; a shape that size should not be able to support itself without collapsing! If you’re brave enough, climb the hundreds of original steps to the top for stunning views across Florence.

famous landmarks in europe
Santa Maria del Fiore, Italy

19. Blue Domed Church

One of the most vibrant and photographed places in the world, this blue domed church sits aside an impossibly blue ocean surrounded by the gorgeous whitewashed village of Santorini. The area was once a single island until there was a volcanic explosion. As a result, this area is now a group of islands, which houses more than six hundred temples.

famous landmarks in greence
Santorini Blue Domed Church, Greece

20. St Peter’s Basilica

This exquisite place of worship houses 150 detailed mosaics and its design features clever crafted visual illusions and symbolism. St. Peter’s Basilica is considered to be the largest Basilica of Christianity. It covers approximately 240,000 square feet and can hold up to sixty thousand people.

famous landmarks and churches
St Peter’s Basilica, Italy

21. Statue of Liberty

A prominent feature in numerous movies and television shows, the Statue of Liberty is an enduring symbol of freedom and democracy. The seven spikes on the crown represent the seven oceans and the seven continents of the world; depicting the concept of liberty. The statue’s full name is Liberty Enlightening the World and Lady Liberty wears a size 879 shoe!

famous landmarks in USA
Statue of Liberty, USA

22. Sydney Opera House

Arguably Australia’s most iconic building, this unique structure is made from a large amount of topaz coloured glass and the sails are covered in more than one million tiles.

So be sure to tick this one off your famous landmarks list if you haven’t already.

famous landmarks in Australia
Sydney Opera House, Australia

23. Taj Mahal

Finally, a marvellous and meticulously symmetrical building, the Taj Mahal was built to honour Emperor Shah Jahan’s wife. In a mystical feat, the building changes colour throughout the day.  The hues are said to have matched the ever changing moods of the woman it was built for.

famous landmarks taj mahal
Taj Mahal, India

How many of these famous landmarks have you seen? And how many remain on your list?

If you can’t wait until your next big adventure, feed your wanderlust with beautiful travel photography – all from the comfort of your armchair!

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